|Civil Defence - food leaflet, 1939
Some things you should know
(1) AIR RAID WARNINGS
The warning may also be given by the Police or Air Raid Wardens blowing short blasts on whistles.
When you hear the warning, take cover at once. Remember that most of the injuries in an air raid are caused not by direct hits by bombs, but by flying fragments of debris or bits of shells. Stay under cover until you hear the sirens or hooters sounding continuously for two minutes on the same note, which is the signal "Raiders Passed".
If poison gas has been used, you will be warned by means of hand rattles. Keep off the streets until the poison gas has been cleared away. Hand bells will be rung when there is no longer any danger. If you hear the rattle when you are out, put on your gas mask at once and get indoors as soon as you can.
Make sure that all members of your household understand the meanings of these signals.
(2) GAS MASKS
If you have not yet received your gas mask, the reason may be that it has been decided in your district to keep the masks in store until an emergency is threatened. If, however, you know that your neighbours have got their gas masks, and you have not got yours, report the matter to your Air Raid Warden.
The special anti-gas helmet for babies and the respirator for small children will not be distributed in any district before an emergency arises.
(3) LIGHTING RESTRICTIONS
No outside lights will be allowed, and all street lighting will be put out.
Instructions will be issued about the dimming of lights on vehicles.
(4) FIRE PRECAUTIONS
Clearing the top floor of all inflammable materials, lumber, etc., will lessen the danger of fire, and prevent a fire from spreading. See that you can reach your attic or roof space readily.
Water is the best means of putting out a fire started by an incendiary bomb. Have some buckets handy. But water can only be applied to the bomb itself in the form of a fine spray, for which a handpump with a length of hose and special nozzle are needed. If you throw a bucket of water on a burning incendiary bomb it will explode and throw burning fragments in all directions. You may be able to smother it with sand or dry earth.
Parents in the districts concerned who wish to take advantage of the Government evacuation scheme for their children have already received or will receive full instructions what to do, if the need arises.
Those who have already made, or are making arrangements to send their children away to relations or friends must remember that while the Government evacuation scheme is in progress, ordinary railway and road services will necessarily be drastically reduced and subject to alterations at short notice.
Try to decide now whether you wish your children to go under the Government evacuation scheme and let your local authority know : if you propose to make private arrangements to send your children away do not leave them to the last moment.
All who have work to do, whether manual, clerical or professional, should regard it as their duty to remain at their posts, and do their part in carrying on the life of the nation.
(6) IDENTITY LABELS
If you wish, and are able to lay in a small extra store of non-perishable foodstuffs, there is no reason why you should not do so. They will be an additional insurance. But you should collect them now and not when an emergency arises.
(8) INSTRUCTIONS TO THE PUBLIC IN CASE OF EMERGENCY